Fernando Correia’s Weblog

July 20, 2008

CRUD operations on Google App Engine

Filed under: Software Development — Fernando Correia @ 6:22 pm
Tags: ,

Now my Flex and Python Test project has the basic CRUD operations. It can create, retrieve, update and delete objects.

This is how the operations are implemented on the server:


class Project(db.Model):
    code = db.IntegerProperty()
    name = db.StringProperty()
    created_at = db.DateTimeProperty(auto_now_add=True)
    modified_at = db.DateTimeProperty(auto_now=True)

class ProjectService:
    def get(self, code):
        logging.debug('get %s' % (code))
        project = Project.gql("WHERE code = :1", code).get()
        return project

    def insert(self, project):
        logging.debug('insert %s' % (project))
        new_project = Project()
        new_project.code = int(project.code)
        new_project.name = project.name
        new_project.put()
        return new_project

    def update(self, project):
        logging.debug('udpate %s' % (project))
        existing_project = Project.get(project._key)
        existing_project.name = project.name
        existing_project.put()
        return Project.get(project._key)

    def save(self, project):
        logging.debug('save %s' % (project))
        if hasattr(project, '_key') and project._key != None:
            return self.update(project)
        else:
            return self.insert(project)

    def delete(self, project):
        logging.debug('delete %s' % (project))
        existing_project = Project.get(project._key)
        existing_project.delete()

    def get_all(self):
        logging.debug('get_all')
        return Project.all().fetch(1000)

In my project, these operations are used in a Flex form and in a Python command-line application. All the source code is published in github. Feedback is welcome.

Edit: This is an ongoing project that has advanced quite a lot since this article. Browse my blog if you’re interested in learning about the progress of this example.

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1 Comment »

  1. Hi Fernando,

    I just responded under your App Engine post, but here it is anyway:

    OK, being the ‘Rails Refugee’ that I am, I appreciate the REST cause as much as anyone. As DHH implemented it, you should only need 7 actions for your controller (for 95% of cases): INDEX, SHOW, EDIT, UPDATE, NEW, CREATE, DESTROY.

    Because of how Python and Django work, I am able to get all that in only 3 (SHOW, EDIT, DELETE), and my urls.py file lays it out:

    —–

    (r’^blog/item/(\d+)/$’, ‘item.show’), # one Item
    (r’^blog/items/([-\w]+)/$’, ‘item.show’), # Items matching Tag string
    (r’^blog/edit/$’, ‘item.edit’), # new Item
    (r’^blog/edit/(\d+)/$’, ‘item.edit’), # edit Item
    (r’^blog/delete/(\d+)/$’, ‘item.delete’), # delete
    (r’^blog/items/$’, ‘item.show’), # all Items

    —–

    The reason is that you don’t have to do the ‘new’ thing; you just edit a non-existent Item, and a form is created which sends the input back to the ‘view’ (controller). Id assignment happens after the instance is ‘put’.

    Think about it: ‘index’ and ‘show’ differ only in quantity; ‘new’, ‘create’, ‘edit’, and ‘update’ are all different aspects of the same thing. Only ‘delete’ is non-polymorphous.

    So, right now, I’m working to implement ALL actions for my app with just these three functions for each Model I have defined, by using arguments passed in to switch operations as needed.

    I know I haven’t said the word ‘CRUD’ yet, but I suppose you could call my idea ‘RUD’, because ‘create’ and ‘update’ are really two faces of the same action. Kind of like ‘zero’ in math, you just ‘update’ a non-existent entity when you ‘create’!

    My learning app is here:

    http://archi-checker.appspot.com

    Comment by G-man — July 22, 2008 @ 1:00 am


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